Ministère de l'Aménagement du Territoire et de
|WATER AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE
Paris - 19/20/21 march 1998
|La reproduction et la diffusion ont été rendues possibles
grâce à l'aimable autorisation du Secrétariat Général à la Conférence EDD
|Site officiel: http://www.eaudd.com
PROGRAMME OF PRIORITY ACTIONS
||IMPROVING KNOWLEDGE OF WATER RESOURCES AND USES
FOR SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT
||PROMOTING HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT AND INSTITUTIONAL
||(here) DEFINING STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE WATER MANAGEMENT
AND IDENTIFYING APPROPRIATE MEANS OF FINANCING
||INTERNATIONAL NETWORK OF BASIN ORGANIZATIONS, RECOMMENDATIONS
III - DEFINING STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE WATER
MANAGEMENT AND IDENTIFYING APPROPRIATE MEANS OF FINANCING
III - F - FORMULATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF
SUB-nATIONAL, NATIONAL AND REGIONAL STRATEGIES
Countries that have not yet formulated sub-national or national
strategies for the water sector should be encouraged to do so while identifying medium and
long term priorities. These strategies will provide a coherent framework governing the
actions of the different elements of the public and private sectors. Regional strategies
should be developed as necessary.
Existing strategies should be regularly evaluated and updated.
The implementation of these strategies should meet the requirements
for integrated water resources management and include the adaptation and modernisation of
institutional, legislative and regulatory frameworks; the improvement of knowledge of
resources and uses; and the training of executives and technicians in service management
and equipment maintenance.
It is recognised that water is a key natural resource for future
prosperity and stability and emphasis could be given to mechanisms and instruments to
support the use of water as a catalyst for regional co-operation rather than a source of
III - G - MOBILISATION OF FINANCIAL AND OTHER
III- G - 1- mobilisation of national and local resources
Water planning and management need to be taken into account within a
socio-economic development context while recognising the vital role of water in the
fulfilment of basic human needs, food security, poverty alleviation and the functioning of
water-related ecosystems. Specific conditions of non-monetary sectors of the economy
should be taken into account.
Incentives to improve use and protection of water resources, pricing
and financial, as appropriate, should be developed. Access to traditional water resources
should be protected.
We also need to explore ways and means of facilitating a gradual
transition towards full cost recovery to the extent possible, taking into account the
essential role of water in meeting basic human needs. Subsidies, or other appropriate
transparent financial mechanisms, for specific groups, in particular for people living in
poverty, might be considered in some countries.
Transparency in economic and financial management of services is a
precondition for effective cost recovery.
The implementation of actions to reduce costs, such as improving
management, competition between operators, leakage reduction and use of appropriate
technologies, could reduce overall funding requirements.
To seek that, after comprehensive public debate among all
stakeholders, the various functions of sustainable water management are funded,
appropriate frameworks should be established in order to:.
· III-G-1-1- enable the sustainable
mobilisation of private or public funds to finance water supply and sanitation
· III-G-1-2- facilitate access to credit by decentralised public and
private management structures, especially local communities and NGOs, and encourage the
development of micro-credits,
· III-G-1-3- provide, as needed, the public or private investors with
appropriate risk guarantee schemes for the financing of investments,
· III-G-1-4 - set up to the extent possible
" user-pays " pricing systems that cover direct or indirect costs of
the services with the costs billed to users who can afford to pay. Prices must be
justified by the quality and reliability of the services provided to the users,
· III-G-1-5 - manage, as needed, the transition towards the recovery of,
as a minimum, operation, maintenance and replacement costs and watershed management
costs with, as necessary, an intermediate phase in which these costs could be partly
covered by public funds,
· III-G-1-6 - take the necessary measures, cross-subsidies in
particular, in a transparent manner, to prevent management of services limiting access to
water by low-income users,
· III-G-1-7 - apply efficiently the
" polluter-pays " principle, using economic instruments for
environmental purposes that are in proportion with the damage caused to the environment,
· III-G-1-8 - take into account costs related to the acquisition of
knowledge, surface and ground water protection and development, the preservation and
management of ecosystems, river basins, aquifers and the maintaining of wetlands and water
flow in watercourses.
III - G - 2 - mobilisation of external resources
Bi- and multilateral donors should assist countries in the
formulation and implementation of their integrated water resources management strategy.
Their support to the sector should be consistent with the defined priorities in order to
ensure efficient synergy between external assistance and national and local financial
Bi- and multilateral donors should contribute to the implementation
of the defined priorities by supporting both structural reforms and projects and by
mobilising the financial resources necessary to implement them.
Evidence that existing resources are used optimally will help
mobilise additional financial resources from national and international sources, both
public and private.
The joint action and co-financing of multilateral and bilateral
donors should be emphasised, in order that beneficiary countries obtain maximum
effectiveness from external financing, in particular for integrated regional projects.
III - G - 3 use of innovative mechanisms
Due consideration should be given to more private sector
involvement, innovative models for local water resources management such as Build Operate
Transfer, and use of market mechanisms, where applicable.
III- G - 4 - mobilisation of local human resources and knowledge stemming from
In addition to the modern water policy approaches, it is important
· III-G-4-1- mobilise local human
resources as much as possible;
· III-G-4-2- take advantage of the
populations diversified know-how, especially in rural and pastoral areas, concerning
the detection, collection, conservation, use and reuse of water.
III - H - PRIORITIES FOR OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT
Bi- and multilateral donors should first concentrate concessional
financing on enabling activities and programmes intended to improve the enabling
environment, in order to meet basic priority needs, building on on-going
activities as far as possible.
III - H - 1 - meeting basic needs (drinking
water supply, sanitation, control of water-related diseases, etc). Rapid action is
necessary to reach progressively approved international standards in order to meet
quantitative and qualitative basic human needs in rural and underprivileged urban areas.
Special attention should be paid to the means of achieving the eradication of water-borne
Special consideration should be given to gender and equality issues;
including programmes to improve the status of women and increase their meaningful
participation in decision-making.
III - H - 2 -the organization of integrated monitoring systems and databases
to improve information on resources, uses and pollution.
Access by professionals and
users to that information and documentation, necessary for water management and financing,
will be promoted.
III - H - 3 - the implementation of institutional, administrative and economic
reforms to establish river basin organisations and
national or regional regulating authorities; to modernise irrigation or municipal water
services; and to improve usage efficiency, demand management and maintenance of
III - H - 4 - vocational and in-service training of
all categories of personnel by creating or modernising specialised technical training
centres and training institutes dealing with the administration and management of water
III - H - 5 - facilitate public-private partnerships
for the development of general interest infrastructures that
are economically justified, ecologically and socially sound and that fit into master
plans, at the level of large river basins in particular, and into integrated programmes
for priority investment.
III - H - 6 - sustainable management of water-related ecosystems, in order to preserve biodiversity and ensure soil and water conservation,
through appropriate policies for land use planning, combating desertification, erosion
control, management of forestry and municipal waste.
III - H - 7 - research and training
Support for research, training and capacity building in order to
facilitate the transfer of technology and increase the efficiency of the technology
III - H - 8 - natural disaster (flood and drought) preparedness
There is a need to establish or strengthen mechanisms for regional
consultations on drought and flood preparedness ; early warning systems and
mitigation plans at local and national levels, and regional emergency funds and/or
collective insurance programmes. At the international level, there is a need to maintain
support of these activities following the close of the IDNDR (1999).
III - H - 9 - efficiency of irrigation
Set up economic incentives for an efficient use of water resources,
particularly for the irrigation sector with the objective of increasing the quantity and
regularity of food production.
ANNEXE - PROMOTION OF PARTNERSHIP AND DIALOGUE
All public authorities, public and private companies,
non-governmental organisations, whether local, national or international, responsible for
or in charge of conceiving, designing, approving, implementing, managing, supervising or
financing activities, programmes or services in the water sector are invited to engage in
a permanent dialogue with all users and beneficiaries. This dialogue requires sharing all
relevant information with stakeholders and discussions on objectives and implementation
Transfer mechanisms of know-how, knowledge, technology as well as
all relevant information for improving efficiency and fostering the development of
services and activities will be promoted, among others, through institutional or business
All actors will support, as appropriate :
- sharing and dissemination of experience gained in practice
(projects, programmes and activities, etc),
- information exchange on institutions, problems faced and
innovative solutions adopted and on all other activities that may contribute to raising
the public and the professional communitys awareness of water-related issues and
Networks built for the above aims should be open to other networks
and, as much as possible, to all partners in the water sector. Information shared on these
networks should be freely accessible to all.